For example, a … Jerry Webster, M.Ed., has over twenty years of experience teaching in special education classrooms. The difference btween dra and dri is that dri reinforces a behavior that is incompatible to the problem behavior and puts the target problem behavior on extinction. DRA reinforces a specific behavior and only that specific behavior. This is Differential Reinforcement of an Alternate Behavior, (DRA), which serves the same function, providing him a sensory outlet for his hands during times of excitement of anxiety. This time the alternative behaviour is one that is incompatible with the unwanted behaviour – they cannot occur at the same time. Example: Kevin engages in out of seat behavior so his teacher decides to implement a DRI procedure. DRI: The team at the Acorn School were concerned about the scarring occurring around Emily's wrists from her self-injurious behavior. In order to effectively extinguish a behavior, you need to be sure the replacement behavior serves the same function. He holds a post-baccalaureate certificate from Penn State's Educating Individuals with Autism program. Clapping hands may very well stop a child from hitting him or herself in the head in the short run, but in the long run, if hitting him or herself functions to provide an escape from non-preferred activities, clapping hands will only temporarily keep the child from hitting him or herself. As such, these are incompatible behaviours that cannot occur at the same time. A decrease in self-injurious wrist biting has occurred. With our DRA example above, a student can sit at their desk with their hand up and still call out. About the Author. DRA: Mr. Martin decided it was time to address Jonathon's hand flapping. An evaluation of existing research conducted by Carr et al. What is DRO, DRA, DRI, DRH, and DRL Differential Reinforcement of Low Rate of Behavior (DRL) Differential Reinforcement of Other/Alternate Behaviors (DRO) Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behaviors (DRI) This is the reinforcement of behaviors that will prevent the For example… Sitting in his seat is chosen as the incompatible behavior because it cannot occur at the same time as out of seat behavior. Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible behavior (DRI), Differential Reinforcement of Alternative behavior (DRA), Differential Reinforcement of Other behavior (DRO), Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates (DRL). For example, if the target behavior is for the learner to point to the color blue when instructed to, "Point to blue," he is only reinforced when pointing to the color blue. Another example for a … In other words we don’t just seek to make a problem behavior stop. DRI One way to get rid of a problem behavior, especially a dangerous behavior like self-injurious behavior (hitting one's self, biting one's self) is to reinforce a behavior that is incompatible: in other words, you can't hit yourself if you are doing something … He never hurt anyone -- it was obvious he was doing it for attention. The focus is on replacing negative behaviors with positive behaviors. Another example of a DRI strategy could be throwing a ball for the client to catch every time they start to hit someone. By reinforcing the incompatible behavior, it creates a safety zone before returning to the interventions. ABA professionals always seek to accomplish behavior reduction through ethical, reinforcement based methods first. One way to get rid of a problem behavior, especially a dangerous behavior like self-injurious behavior (hitting one's self, biting one's self) is to reinforce a behavior that is incompatible: in other words, you can't hit yourself if you are doing something else more productive with your hands, like clapping. You can opt-out at any time. DRI: Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior. This intervention differs from DRA because the new behavior is incompatible with the inappropriate behavior. I used Video Self-Modeling, and almost fell over the day he announced (after I was observed by my supervisor, the Assistant Principal) "Bye-bye, Mr. DRI in the Research. For most single case studies, the easiest reversal is to withdraw any intervention to see if the desired skill or behavior stays at the same level of performance. I had a student with ASD who had very little independent language, though he had strong receptive language. Alternating Treatment Design. Analysis of Data. Alan Hudson, in Comprehensive Clinical Psychology, 1998. For example, teachers working with children on the autism spectrum will often use DRO and DRA (Differential Reinforcement of an Alternative behavior) to shape behavior. He and Jonathon picked out some large beads that they have put on a piece of leather. Extinction requires that you don't reinforce the target behavior, but instead reinforce an alternate behavior. Example of DRI For instance, if you are typing on a computer, theoretically you cannot be biting your nails at the same time. DRA: Differential Reinforcement of Alternate Behavior. She decides to reinforce a behavior that is incompatible with out of seat behavior. Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior (DRI) In this intervention, the reinforcer is given when another behavior is used or observed. He would hit other children in the lunchroom or specials (the only time he was out of the self-contained classroom.) DRI (Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior) Reinforcing any behavior that would preclude the ability to engage in the targeted behavior. Sitting in his seat is chosen as the incompatible behavior because it cannot occur at the same time as out of seat behavior. They will be "worry beads" and Jonathon self-monitors their use, earning a sticker for every five times he uses his beads instead of flapping his hands. For example, if the plan is for the youngster to avoid picking at his face with his fingernails, we may reinforce him for "keeping hands in pockets" when he is socializing with others, but promote "hands away from face" during academic tasks. DRI: Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behaviours Not all DRA’s are DRI’s, but DRI’s are a type of DRA. She decides to reinforce a behavior that is incompatible with out of seat behavior. Let's Learn ABA Post navigation. "What pretty bracelets you have, Emily!" Some studies found a much smaller treatment effect when the intervention simply reinforced a behavior that was topographically incompatible with the target behavior. Differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior (DRI) is a weakening procedure that is based on reinforcement. By choosing to catch the ball, they would not be able to hit a person at the same time. Using differential reinforcement of an incompatible behavior (DRI) may be an effective way to redirect a dangerous behavior, or it can be used as part of a behavioral (ABA) program that will extinguish the behavior. They have put scrunchy bracelets on her wrists and given her a lot of praise: i.e. (1990) found that DRI was most effective when the incompatible behavior was functionally related to the target behavior. Click here to read an example of how a teacher used DRI … Differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior (DRI) is a procedure in which the teacher would identify a behavior that’s incompatible with, or cannot occur at the same time as, the problem behavior. For any other response, the student does not receive reinforcement. For self-injurious or dangerous behaviors, there are significant ethical questions raised by withdrawing treatment. Replacement Behavior: A Positive Approach to Problem Behaviors, How Response Cost Is Used in School Behavior Management, Operational Definition of Behavior in a School Setting, Contingency -- the Important Relationship Between Behavior and Reinforcement, Data Collection for Individual Education Plan Implementation, Guide to Behavior Intervention Plans (BIPs), Behavior Goals for Individual Education Plans, A Behavior Point System That Improves Math Skills, Behavior Contracts to Support Good Behavior, Behavior Goals for An Early Intervention IEP, Anecdotal Records as a Foundation for Behavior Intervention, M.Ed., Special Education, West Chester University, B.A., Elementary Education, University of Pittsburgh. Differential reinforcement is defined as reinforcing a specific class of behavior while withholding reinforcement for other classes of behavior. An effective way to get rid of a target behavior that may be causing difficulty for your student, preventing him or her from succeeding in gaining the skills they need is to find a replacement behavior and reinforce it. It is most powerful if that alternative behavior serves the same function for your student. 5.05.4.2.1 Differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior. Wood!". It cant occur at the same time as the problem behavior DRI means you reinforce appropriate behaviors that are incompatible with the problem behavior, or you reinforce an appropriate behavior that cannot be done at the same time as the problem behavior. Example: Kevin engages in out of seat behavior so his teacher decides to implement a DRI procedure. We decided to teach him how to greet other students, especially students (usually female) he was interested in. DRI similar to dra in that it teasches a behavior that is functionally equivlane to the problem behavior. When conducting single case research, the norm for studying the effectiveness of interventions with children with severe disabilities, a reversal is critical to providing evidence that the intervention really does create the effect you have seen in the intervention period.